They were portrayed as barbaric tribesmen and had several fictional tribesmen to assist their leader. Led by their king, Meng Huo, the population was first contacted by Cao Pi, as per Sima Yi's suggestion, to attack Shu. An army led by Zhuge Liang invaded to subdue the Nanman. The Prime Minister planned to defeat and release his rival seven times to earn the tribe's trust. After many losses and battles, Meng Huo gave into their compassion and submitted. Learning that they were allowed to keep their independent government, they revered Zhuge Liang's kindness and built a temple to honor him. They fondly bid their new friends adieu and continued to rule their lands peacefully away from the three kingdoms.